Plagiarism Pattern: Severed Cite

Definition

A severed cite is paraphrasing plagiarism because it includes a summary of the source and the reference, but lacks a properly placed citation.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Reference

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Student Version:

Learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex. Merrill (2002) claims that "existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).

Reference

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.



For a Certification Test item that is similar to this pattern, the correct answer is:

  Word-for-word plagiarism
  •  
  • Paraphrasing plagiarism
      Not plagiarism
    Explanation: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

    The student version is paraphrasing plagiarism. Although the the reference is included, the in-text citation with the author and date are missing for the paraphrased text.

    The placement of the citation in the second sentence makes it appear that the first sentence is the student's own idea. The second sentence does acknowledge Merrill with a correct quote which includes the citation, quotation marks, locator, and reference. The second sentence is not plagiarized.

    Notice that, in the corrected version, the citation for the first sentence now occurs in the beginning. The bridging text makes it clear that the source is still Merrill (2002), his exact words are surrounded by quotation marks, and a locator is provided.

    Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex. He further says, "existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).

    Reference:

    Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

     

    See full list of plagiarism patterns.