Hints

Decision Table for Answering Questions on Certification Tests

Does the student version borrow ideas from someone else's original source material?

Yes

No

Is at least one idea taken from the original source a direct word-for-word quote of 7 or more words?

Not plagiarism:

No word-for-word and no paraphrasing plagiarism is present.

Thus, the writing must be common knowledge or the writer's own ideas.

Yes

No

Is the direct word-for-word quote missing any of the following:

  • quotation marks
  • full in-text citation that includes a specific locator
  • reference?

Is the paraphrased idea missing any of the following:

  • in-text citation
  • reference?

Yes

Word-for-word plagiarism

No

Not word-for-word plagiarism

Yes

Paraphrasing plagiarism

No

Not
paraphrasing plagiarism


The student version is:

Word-for-word plagiarism if it

    1. borrows ideas from the original source material, and
    2. takes seven or more words in sequence from the original source material, and
    3. lacks any of the following:
      • quotation marks surrounding the words taken,
      • the full in-text citation with author name(s), the date, and must include the specific location within the source (e.g., page number or other locator) where the words are taken from,
      • the bibliographic reference.

Paraphrasing plagiarism if it

    1. borrows ideas from the original source material, and
    2. is not word-for-word plagiarism, and
    3. lacks any of the following:
      • the in-text citation with author name(s) and date (specific locator is not required),
      • the bibliographic reference.

Not plagiarism if it contains

    1. no word-for-word plagiarism, and
    2. no paraphrasing plagiarism, and
    3. no other form of plagiarism, such as borrowing illustrative material without acknowledging the source (e.g., photos, drawings, diagrams, etc.).

See also:

    Note: These online Plagiarism Tutorials use the style of the American Psychological Association (APA Style, Version 6) for quotations, citations and references. In our tutorials and tests, determination of type of plagiarism and non-plagiarism does not depend on whether APA style conforms to the latest version (now 7). The same rules apply regardless--see https://plagiarism.iu.edu/IUcriteria.html. See the Purdue OWL website for examples of other styles such as MLA, Chicago, and AMA.